The Life Cycle of a Chicken Research for Primary Grades
We have been learning all about life cycles in first grade this year. We watched caterpillars form chrysalises and turn into butterflies as we learned about the Monarch butterfly life cycle. We explored the life cycle of plants while we grew, pollinated, and then harvested the new seeds. What better way to end the year than hatching chicks in our class?
I decided I wanted to teach the students the real science behind hatching chicks instead of doing a cutesier version. I began the unit by getting the students excited about hatching chicks. I provided four pictures of the life cycle of a chicken and simply asked the students “What’s happening?” As they examined each picture they wrote on a sticky note what they thought was happening. This was a great way for me to assess their background knowledge. We discussed some of the things they thought were happening. We also drew what we thought was happening inside the egg. I kept all of their drawings so they could compare the drawing later on in the unit. Then I told them throughout the next two weeks we would learn more about what is happening in each photo. They were so excited!
As a class, we began by exploring the hen stage. I modeled how to closely read a text about a hen. We answered text dependent questions and defined unknown words together. My students were familiar with text coding by this point in the school year so I had them help code the text.
After coding the text together, the students coded their own text and took notes on their note sheet. We also added the new vocabulary words we learned on our domain specific vocabulary wall. Our next lesson was about the egg stage of the life cycle. By this point, our eggs had been in the incubator 8 days. I asked the students to draw what they thought was inside the egg on day 8. Together we closely read a text about the egg. Again we coded the text, answered text dependent questions, and defined unknown words. Then we looked at and discussed the Chick Embryo Development chart.
We also watched this awesome video.
I hung the sheets from this day in our room so we could refer back to them throughout the unit.
Then we moved to the hatching stage. We read a text about how the chicks hatch and answered text dependent questions together. If you want to learn more about text dependent questions check out this blog post. Then the students coded their own text and defined any words that were new to them.
Our last close read was on the chick stage. After reading, our note sheets and vocabulary wall were finally complete.
For our final lesson, students wrote a literary nonfiction tab-book about the life cycle of a chicken. They used their note sheets and words from the vocabulary word wall to write their book. The results were simply amazing!
You can download the The Life Cycle of a Chicken texts, text dependent questions, text coding poster, chicken images, note sheets, student version of the texts, vocabulary words, cut and paste activity, inside the egg activity, literary nonfiction tab-book, and detailed lesson plans so you can easily teach the real science about the life cycle of a chicken in your classroom. (You don’t have to actually hatch chicks to teach this unit.) Click on the image below to visit our TPT store.
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